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Japanese Red Cross Institute for Humanitarian Studies

[ Outline of Activities in 2014 ]

Research and study of historical records and documents of the International Red Cross/ Red Crescent Movement

  1. Historical records/documents concerning the major activities of the Japanese Red Cross Society

     A research fellow at the Japanese Red Cross (JRC) College of Nursing, in collaboration with a retired employee from the Kanagawa Chapter, interviewed a former military nurse who lived in Kanagawa Prefecture. This researcher also conducted another interview with a former military nurse living in Gifu Prefecture who had been dispatched to Burma during World War II.
     A research fellow from JRC Akita College of Nursing interviewed Nurse A nominated by the JRC Akita Chapter, who had been dispatched to Laos to serve refugees in 1973. A research fellow at the Japanese Red Cross (JRC) Hiroshima College of Nursing planned to interview Nurse N regarding nursing training programs organized by the Hiroshima Chapter. However, the nurse was unavailable and the researcher had to change her plans and interview Mr. A on atomic medicine instead.

  2. Historical reports and documents available at the Japanese Red Cross Headquarters, Chapters and other institutions.

     A research fellow at the JRC Hokkaido College of Nursing, in collaboration with two retirees from the Hokkaido Chapter, examined documents from 1998 and later and placed documents concerning the establishment of the JRC Hokkaido Chapter, the JRC Hokkaido hospital, the JRC Hokkaido College of Nursing and proceedings of disaster relief activities into the permanent conservation file.
     A research fellow at the JRC Toyota College of Nursing who did a survey of historical documents of the Nagoya 2nd Red Cross Hospital found that the documents were not kept inside the hospital but were stored at several locations away from the hospital. Therefore, tracking down the documents will take time and manpower.
     A research fellow at the JRC Kyusyu International College of Nursing investigated original historical documents and a list of indexes held by the JRC Saga Chapter in collaboration with a Saga Chapter retiree and discussed this with relevant personnel. Afterwards, the retiree investigated documents related to Count Tsunetami Sano, the seizure of the Shosei-maru fishing boat by North Korea in 1975, and the dispatch of JRC relief nurses to the United Nations Military hospital during the Korean War.

  3. Feasibility of indexing historical reports/documents held by ICRC, IFRC and other Red Cross inventories concerning Japanese Red Cross activities

     The Center director visited the National Archives in Washington D.C. twice in FY2014, in August 2014 and February 2015, to search for and collect original resources of the JRC and GHQ/SCAP’s Public Health and Welfare (PHW) of the American Red Cross. Also, a research fellow at the JRC College of Nursing joined him to visit the National Archives in Washington D.C. in February 2015. Collected documents were preserved in PDF format and also printed out for filing. According to weekly PHW reports, JRC nursing-related documents were searched and listed up to 1948.

Follow-up to fundamental research on establishing a center for Disaster Nursing, a program supported by Japan’s Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)

 The JRC College of Nursing, in collaboration with the JRC Institute of Humanitarian Studies, implemented a “Disaster Nursing Education Project” for three years up to the end of March 2014, helping three countries (Bangladesh, Indonesia and Thailand) develop Disaster Nursing Textbooks in the countries’ respective languages and in English. The report on the project was submitted to MEXT in May 2014.
 In August 2014, the proceedings of an international symposium titled “Current Conditions and Issues of Disaster Nursing Education in the Asian Region” held at the Japanese Red Cross College of Nursing (JRCCN) on January 24?25, 2014 were produced in Japanese and English and posted on the JRC Academy and the JRC College of Nursing websites. The Japanese version was delivered to Faculties of Nursing and Colleges of Nursing in Japan. The English version was delivered to international organizations and research fellows in the three countries. The Center director gave a poster presentation about how JRCCN became the center for Disaster Nursing Education through national and international activities at the Asia Pacific Emergency and Disaster Nursing Network (APEDNN).

Study and Dissemination of International Laws Related to the Red Cross

 To commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Geneva Convention, a JRC training seminar for journalists was planned based on discussion between the JRC International Department and the ICRC Tokyo Office. However, the seminar materials prepared by ICRC were not ready in time, and the training seminar was put off to a future date.
 The “Recommendations for Preparing for Future Mega-disasters” by the Study Group on the Great East Japan Earthquake & International Humanitarian Assistance have been published in English. The material was distributed at the Sendai Committee for the UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction from March 14?18, 2015 and a two-page summary was produced in Japanese and English. The contents were explained by a member of the Study Group at a main session of the conference.
 Members of study groups also participated in study meetings with the Tokyo Metropolitan Government, and officers of the Disaster Prevention Department and of the Kanagawa Prefecture Government. The Center director gave a presentation on the Recommendations at the Asia Pacific Emergency and Disaster Nursing Network (APEDNN).

Public Relations Activities at the Japanese Red Cross Institute for Humanitarian Studies

 The Journal of Humanitarian Studies, Vol. 4 was published. It includes ? An interview with the ICRC President and an editorial titled “The Quest for Humanity: 150 Years of International Humanitarian Law and Action,” texts related to commemoration of the 150th anniversary of the Geneva Convention, ? Articles related to commemoration of 120 years of JRC Nursing Education: Five universities and colleges of the Red Cross Society that provide higher nursing education in the world―in Switzerland, Sweden, Thailand, Korea and Japan―published articles about their history and an outline of nursing education offered at their schools. ? Articles related to commemoration of the 10th anniversary of the Aichi Expo, including a round-table discussion by participants who planned and managed the Red Cross Pavilion at the Expo, and ? Other contributors’ articles. Volume 4 contained more articles in English than previous volumes.


Round-table Discussion of the Aichi Expo

Research and Preservation of Historical Records Related to Nursing Education by the Japanese Red Cross Society

 Historical documents and records of JRC Nursing Education and relief activities by JRC nurses have been collected and preserved at the JRCCN’s Historical Collection Room. In particular, important historical documents have been computerized. These include documents related to the Japanese Red Cross Hospitals, volunteer nursing groups, vocational nursing schools, the farewell address and the return thanks address from the first class of graduates of the nursing school and some documents related to Florence Nightingale. Also, photo data of the Japanese Red Cross Hospitals, volunteer nursing groups and vocational nursing schools were computerized and registered on the website for public access: http://www.redcross-history.org/database/

Japanese Red Cross Institute for Humanitarian Studies
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